Report of the
Tulip Nomenclature Committee, 1914-1915
IV. DESCRIPTIONS OF GARDEN TULIPS.
CLASS XI. BROKEN COTTAGE TULIPS.
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[For General Classification see p. 9. Names in italics are synonyms. The date of flowering given below and the duration of the flower are for the year 1915 and represent the order in which the varieties may be expected to flower rather than the exact date of flowering, which will vary from year to year; it will also vary according to the source and time of planting of the bulbs. The dates are taken, as a rule, from bulbs which had been grown for two years at Wisley and had been planted at the same time. The heights are measured from the same bulbs and are relative only.]
The 'Types' are the same as those of Cottage Tulips, Class IV, (p, 38), and they are similarly arranged in colour sequence.
The form of the flowers in Cottage Tulips falls into four types, which are indicated in the descriptions, viz.:
type 1.—Cup-shaped, e.g. 'Bouton d'Or' Fig. 1.
2.—Pointed, e.g. 'Mrs. Moon' Fig. 2.
3.—Egg-shaped, e.g. 'John Ruskin' Fig. 3.
4.—Segments reflexed, e.g. 'Retroflexa' Fig. 4.
In this Class the varieties are arranged as they might be in a border so that they form a sequence with the most typically coloured flower of the section about the middle and thence grading ofí towards the sections above and below it.
Table of Contents for Broken Cottage Tulips
- a. Roses. -- Definition: Rose markings on white ground. Striped Beauty, Zomerschoon.
- b. Bybloemen. -- Definition: Purple markings on white ground. Twilight, Union Jack.
- c. Bizarres. -- Definition: Brown, red, or purple markings on yellow ground. Chameleon, Gala Beauty, Scotia.
Cottage Tulip Shapes: Image Captions -- left to right: Figure 1: Cottage Tulip – 'Bouton d’Or' (described as cup shaped);
Figure 2: Cottage Tulip - 'Mrs. Moon' (described as pointed).
Figure 3: Cottage Tulip – 'John Ruskin' (described as egg-shaped).
Figure 4: Cottage Tulip – 'Retroflexa' (described as segments reflexed). Click images for larger versions.
Striped Beauty.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; white, with a heavy flame which varies from rose-red to pink; base white, with a blue ring; 21 inches; May 6, 17 days.
Zommerschoon.—Type 3. Finely marked salmon-rose on cream, inside clear salmon when young; base yellow; 26 inches; May 15, 15 days. A very beautiful old variety. See also under Surviving Broken Tulips section of this website.
La Panachée fol. var.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; pink, heavily flamed with Tyrian rose; base white, with a blue bar on each of the outer segments; 20 inches; May 10, 14 days.
Gesneriana Bridesmaid.—Type 2. Form as in 'Gesneriana ' (IV.); rose, streaked with carmine and white; base circular, blue; filaments blue above the middle; 21 inches; May 12, 14 days.
Parisian Aurore.—Type 1. Form and substance fair, flower long; 24 inches; May 8, 19 days.
Coquette de Belleville.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; rose- red, with white margins; outside dull; base large, white, with a purplish margin; 19 inches; April 29, 19 days.
Gesneriana striata = Gesneriana Bridesmaid, q.v.
La Ravissante = La Panachée, q.v.
Marie de Médicis = La Panachée, q.v.
Maid of Holland = Gesneriana Bridesmaid, q.v.
Summer Beauty = Striped Beauty, q.v.
Union Jack.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; violet, heavily streaked with purple; base small, white, fringed with blue; 21 inches; April 29, 20 days.
Belle Lisette.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; white, flamed rose-red; 19 inches; April 29, 18 days.
Twilight.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; purple, streaked with deeper purple and white; base light, marked with dull blue; filaments with a blackish ring at the apex; 22 inches; May 3,17 days.
Rouge Éblouissante = Union Jack, q.v.
Chancellor.—Type 3. Form and substance fair; buff, heavily feathered below the middle of each segment with purple; base lemon- yellow; 20 inches; May 8, 16 days.
Chameleon.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; yellowish white, suffused light purple, and heavily streaked dark purplish red.
Gold Flake.—Type 3. Form and substance fair, orange-scarlet; base circular, with an olive ring; 24 inches • May 8, 17 days.
Scotia.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; light yellow, heavily streaked with light red; base blotched with olive; filaments olive above the middle; 21 inches; May 8,16 days.
Gala Beauty.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; flower bright yellow, heavily flamed with carmine; outer segments reflexed at tips; 22 inches; May 10, 15 days.
Flamed Crown.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; pale yellow, with beam of dull carmine; base fringed with olive; 21 inches; May 6, 16 days.
Billietiana L'Éblouissante.—Type 1. Form and stature of ' Billietiana '; lemon-yellow, heavily flamed with scarlet; 21 inches; May 10, 18 days.
Pontifex maximus.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; yellow, flaked scarlet.
Goldmine.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; dull purple Bizarre.
Boyne.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; mahogany-red Bizarre; 19 inches; May 16, 12 days.
Brilliant.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; scarlet Bizarre . base marked with olive as in Fig. 11.
Image Caption - Figure 11: Cottage Tulip – 'Strangulata Primulina', base black.
Click images for larger versions.
Red Crown.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; orange-scarlet; Bizarre; base large, yellow; 21 inches; May 10, 14 days.
Torch.—Type 1. Flower small; form and substance fair; pale yellow, flushed with scarlet; base blotched olive; filaments greenish; 19 inches; May 10, 17 days.
Buenaventura.—Type 2. Flower small, form and substance fair; scarlet, flaked with deep yellow; base deep yellow; 18 inches; May 6, 18 days.
Gloria Mundi.—Type 1. Flamed scarlet on yellow; a rectified Tulip; 18 inches; May 5, 19 days.
Fire Dragon.—Type 1. Large, form and substance fair) light yellow, flamed purple and carmine; 25 inches; May 7, 19 days.
Royal Visit.—Type 1. Form and substance fair; deep red, with margins of yellow; base deep yellow; 23 inches; May 10,14 days.
Orangeman.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; feathered scarlet Bizarre; 21 inches; May 14, 13 days.
Cyclops.—Type 1. Flower small; form and substance fair; out- side carmine, inside scarlet; base yellowish; 23 inches; May 6, 18 days. See also 'Goldfinder' (a synonym) under Surviving Broken Tulips section of this website.
L'Hermite.—Type 2. Form and substance fair. A broken form of ' La Merveille '; 24 inches; May 10, 15 days.
Eyebright.—Type 2. Form and substance fair; scarlet Bizarre; base streaked olive; 24 inches; May 10, 14 days.
Abdul Aziz = L'Hermite, q.v.
Columbus = Gala Beauty, q.v.
French Crown = Gala Beauty, q.v.
Goldfinder = Cyclops, q.v.
Lebec = Chameleon, q.v.
Orange Quee = Torch, q.v.