Old Tulips :: Extinct English Florists' Tulips
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Alexandrina Tulip

In the early 1800s, Robert Sweet produced The Florist’s Guide and Cultivator’s Directory or drawings of the choicest Florists flowers, which contained a large number of hand-colored botanical engravings. The work was published in London by James Ridgeway between 1827 and 1832. It featured engravings after Edwin Dalton Smith which were engraved by J. Watts and printed on fine woven, watermarked paper.

Rose Galatea Tulip

Robert Sweet received early training as a gardener, and utilized this skill to become a foremost name in the horticultural world. Florist’s Guide, originally published as a periodical, featured some of the most favored botanical illustrations including engravings of showy auriculas, striking tulips, and elegant roses.

Following is a list of English Florists’ tulips then in existence and illustrated in the Florist's Guide, all of which subsequently have become extinct. Only the hand-colored engravings survive to reveal the beauty of these lost tulips. This is an example of the need to preserve the English Florists' tulips being raised today.

The following hand-colored engravings were photographed and are included here courtesy of Trillium Antique Prints and Rare Books.

Captions: Upper Right: Alexandrina Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Alexandrina. Left Rose Galatea Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Rosea. Click images for larger versions.


Aglaia Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Aglaia Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Aglaiana
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Albion Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Albion Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. albionensis
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Alexandrina Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Alexandrina Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Alexandrina
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Bartlett's Thunderbolt Tulip Bartlett's Thunderbolk Tulip - an extinct English Forists tulip.

Bartlett's Thunderbolt Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. fulminea
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Bataille d'Eyleau Tulip - an Extinct English Florists tulip.

Bataille D'Eyleau Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. sanguifera
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Bonaparte Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Bonaparte Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Bonaparteana
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Burnard's Agitator Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Burnard's Agitator Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Burnardiana
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Burnard's Emancipator Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Burnard's Emancipator Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. emancipate
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Caledonian Hero Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Caledonian Hero Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Caledonica
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Daveyana Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Daveyana Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Daveyana
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Davey's Trafalgar Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Davey's Trafalgar Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. marginata
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Don Miguel Tulip - an extinct English FLorists tulip.

Don Miguel Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. Migueli
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.

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George the Fourth Tulip - an extinct English FLorists tulip.

George theFourth Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Georgii
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Gloria Alborum Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Gloria Alborum Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. albida
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Gloria Mundi Tulip Gloria Mundi Tulip - an extinct English FLorists tulip.

Gloria Mundi Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. gloriosa
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Goldham's Earl of Liverpool Tulip - an extinct English FLorists tulip.

Goldham's Earl of Liverpool Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. Jenkinsoni
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Goldham's Maria Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Goldham's Maria Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Maria
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Grande Monarque Tulip - an extinct English FLorists tulip.

Grande Monarque Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. augusta
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Holme's King Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Holmes's King Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Holmesiana
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Lady of the Lake Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lady of the Lake Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. virginea
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Lampson Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lampson Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Lampsoniana
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Lancanshire Hero Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lancashire Hero Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Lancastriensis
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Lawrance's La Joie Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lawrance's La Joie Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. laetifica
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Lawrence's Polyphemus Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lawrence's Polyphemus Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. Polyphemi
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Lord Brougham Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lord Brougham Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Broughami
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Lord Collingwood Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lord Collingwood Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Collingwoodii
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Lord Hill Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lord Hill Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Hilliana
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Lord Holland Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Lord Holland Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Hollandiana
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Louis_XVI Tulip Louis XVI Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Louis XVI Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Ludoviana This image depicts both a feather and flame.
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Penelope Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Penelope Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Penelopeana
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Platonia Tulip - an eextinct English Florists tulip.

Platonia Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. platyantha
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Pompe Funebre Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Pompe Funebre Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. pulchella
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Prince George Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Prince George Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Georgii
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Prince Leopold Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Prince Leopold Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Leopoldi
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Princess Charlotte's Cenotaph Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Princess Charlotte's Cenotaph Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Charlotteana
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Pucelle d'Orleans Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Pucelle D'Orleans Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. puella
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Rose Bacchus Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Rose Bacchus Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Bacchusii
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Rose Brillanti Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Rose Brillante Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. fulgens
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Rose Camusa de Craix Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Rose Camusa de Craix Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. purpureo-rosea
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Rose Daphne Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Rose Daphne Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Daphneana
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Rose Galatea Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Rose Galatea Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Rosea This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Rose Juno Tulip - an extnct English FLorists tulip.

Rose Juno Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Juno
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Semplon Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Semplon Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Semploniensis
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Sir George Duckett Tulip Sir George Duckett Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Sir George Duckett Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Duckettiana
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Strong's Canning Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's Canning Tulip -- Tulipa Gesneriana var. Canningiana
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Strong's Dutchess of Kent Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's Dutchess of Kent Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. principassae
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Strong's Esther Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's Esther Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Estheriana
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Strong's High Admiral Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's High Admiral Tulip - Tulipa Gesnariana var. Strongii ">
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Strong's King Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's King Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. regia
This engraving is in the collection of Hortus Tulipus.
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Strong's Rainbow Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Strong's Rainbow Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. iridiflora
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Titian Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Titian Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Titiana
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Violet a Belle Forme Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Violet a Belle Forme Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. pulchella
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Violet Alexandre Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Violet Alexandre Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Alexandri
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La Virginiti Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

La Virginiti Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. virginita
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Walworth Tulip - an extinct English Floirsts tulip.

Walworth Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. retusa
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Wilmer's Duke of York Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Willmer's Duke of York Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Fredericiana
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Winefred Tulip - an extinct English Florists tulip.

Winefred Tulip - Tulipa Gesneriana var. Winefrediana
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